Geology of Pakistan
The geology of Pakistan starts from the northern areas with tallest peaks and mountains to the southern coastal areas.
Pakistan is blessed with great geology including the most popular is Salt Range which is generally known as Natural Museum of the world!
In terms of genesis and different geological histories, Pakistan and its surrounding regions consist of three main geotectonic domains. From north to south these comprises:
1. The Laurasian domain
2. The Tehtyan domain
3. The Gondwanic domain
These domains were formed by the collision of northward moving Indian plate with the southern margin of Eurasia about 65 to 60 million years ago.
These events formed the Karakoram and the Himalayan Ranges and controlled the sedimentation and evolution of the sedimentary basins.
Pakistan comprises two main sedimentary basins, Indus basin and Baluchistan Basin, which evolved through different geological episodes and was finally welded together during Cretaceous/Paleocene along Ornach Nal/Chaman Strike slip faults.
There is yet another smaller basin, termed as Kakar Khorasan Basin also referred to as Pishin Basin. This basin came into existence due to the interaction of Indian and Eurasian plates and is classified as Median basin.
The interaction of Indian and Eurasian plates also formed the various magmatic sequences, formed the significant tectonic features and the associated mineral deposits.
In all our great country Pakistan is blessed with any and all type of geology!